Complex trauma and its effects

Subtitled : New perspectives on creating an environment for recovery

This early (2012) collection of essays covers a much wider range of the territory of innovative and trauma-informed services that the PIEs approach later began to map out more comprehensively.

These essays, some co-written or commissioned and edited for publication here, are strung together with a narrative that teases out some of the underlying themes that later became part of the PIEs 2.0 framework, although not named at that early stage.

Some of the essays here - those marked with an asterisk - are availale from the PIElink library.

Note that the account here of the development and potential in psychologically informed environments precedes even the formulation of PIEs One.

A second edition is planned - but there is no plausiable date yet as to when this may be ready.

Chapter contents and examples

Complex trauma and its effects - new perspectives on creating an environment for recovery

Introduction - Trauma in human experience


  • Introduction
  • Everybody’s Problem : the personality disorder dimension
  • Perspectives from the biological sciences
  • Perspectives from the socila sciences
  • Socio-emotional systems


  • Introduction
  • Children without play
  • Playing with freedom
  • For argument's sake
  • Debating at the Urban Academy
  • Turmoil and transition: St Basils
  • On assessment : PD typologies and 'learned defiance' in the prision opulation
  • The Drama Triangle and other 'unwanted repetitive paterns'
  • Empowering the victim in the criminal justicde system
  • An occupational hazard : managing traumatic incidents in the fire and rescue service
  • The trauma of war
  • Homelessness, complex trauma and recovery
  • Banking on time: Potter Street Time Bank
  • Building recovery communities
  • A one-stop community
  • Trauma in later life
  • Common theads


  • Introduction
  • Communities once and future
  • Psychology in the environment
  • Enabling environments, public health and human vaues
  • Conclusion